Context Analysis
Sustainable development, well-being, economic growth and climate responsibility are inextricably interwoven. To date, per capita incomes, as a proxy for well-being, correlate highly with carbon emissions. In most developing economies, the poor and vulnerable are the most affected with the negative. To address climate change issues, there is need to ensure that, the world’s 7.5 billion population have access to clean and safe drinking water, food, energy and income, while reducing carbon emissions to reduce effects of global warming. The focus to a low-carbon economy is the most fundamental challenge
of the 21st century.

Kenya comprises 83% of arid and semi-arid land and the economy’s livelihoods are heavily reliable on rain-fed agriculture, which is usually vulnerable to extreme droughts exacerbated by climate change and variability. Development in Kenya is best served by harnessing a comprehensive response to climate change (building resilience through adaptation measures) and this has been integrated in Kenya’s National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP) 2013 – 2017.

Kenya’s economy is highly dependent on climate-sensitive sectors including agriculture, tourism, and energy. Climate change poses one of the greatest challenges for Kenya to realise its vision to become a prosperous and earn a middle-income status by the year 2030. The climate-related problems in these sectors, such as droughts and floods, increase Kenya’s vulnerability to climate change, in addition to the expected rise in CO2 emission levels. The continued annual burden of the extreme climatic conditions could cost the economy as much as US$500 million a year, which is equivalent to approximately 2.6% of the country’s GDP and has implications for long-term economic growth.

To respond to the impacts of climate change on the country’s socio-economic growth, proper planning and implementation of actions for appropriate adaptation and resilience activities will be necessary. This is what KDA plans to address in this pillar, along with development interventions that ensures sustainable development while ensuring ease access to clean drinking water, clean energy, improved incomes and minimizing carbon emissions.

Broad Strategy
“To integrate both climate change adaptation and mitigation mechanisms in key economic sectors in managing climate change negative effects while reducing severe threats to environmental sustainability”

Specific strategies
To contribute to adaptation and mitigation strategies of promoting environmental sustainability and enabling resource poor communities have access to livelihoods, water, clean energy and have a clean environment, the following specific interventions will be undertaken by KDA; Promotion of clean and green energy solutions to high potential and the marginalized and the resource poor
To promote innovative water harvesting technologies through innovative financing mechanisms
To promote adoption of green enterprises as a way of generating employment and income and conserving the environment